Ok, this is just neat. In Tuebingen University, scientists have identified a bone that has been sitting around in storage since it was found in Switzerland in 1873. (Read the entire article here - Scientists discover world's oldest dog bone )
The bone has been identified as a canine jaw bone that is between 14,000 and 14,600 years old! Scientists have confirmed that it is a dog bone, not a wolf bone (the shape is distinctly different).
This find proves that humans kept dogs over 14,000 years ago, which was a time when humans were still hunter-gatherers. "The find shed no further light on when man began to tame wolves but indicated that the process was well underway 14 000 years ago, as the dog bones had already evolved differently from their wild ancestors"
So why is this important to us?? It doesn't really change the way we treat our dogs, but it is important that we understand how long the relationship between dogs and humans have existed.
I think that the lengthy relationship is, in and of itself, important to acknowledge.